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Sabtu, 16 Desember 2017

ISAW0809(diving in umbul ponggok 01 Mei 2017)

SEJARAH YUANXIAOJIE(acara makan onde warna-warni pada orang cina)




元宵和元宵节的历史

https://www.rotinrice.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/TangYuan-1.jpg

汉潮时有一位皇帝叫汉武帝。那时在宫殿里住了一个从长安西北部的女生名叫元宵。她在宫殿里不能见她父母,她很伤心就决定自杀。不过她要自杀前被皇帝的顾问发现,就制止她。

那个顾问也说农历正月十五日火神要把整个国家燃烧了。他劝元宵要挂灯笼,放鞭炮和烟花。宫殿里也要做一种用糯米粉当作皮,甜味的花生当作馅儿跟姜汤吃食品。这是因为火神很喜欢吃这个东西。

农历正月十五日到了,那时侯长安这个城市都变成红通通了。火神看了就以为长安已经被燃烧了。长安得救了,元宵也能跟她父母见面了。为了大家记住元宵的贡献从那时侯那个食品就叫元宵。

总之,每个农历正月十五日他们决定要挂灯笼,放鞭炮和烟花。这个节就叫“元宵节”

SETELAH SAMPAI DI KAMPUS BARU, APA YANG HARUS ANDA LAKUKAN?



SETELAH SAMPAI DI KAMPUS BARU, APA YANG HARUS ANDA LAKUKAN?

Tepat sekali baru – baru ini banyak beasiswa ke luar negeri khususnya di cina, disini alhamdulillah saya mendapatkan beasiswa di cina tepatnya di Tianjin University of Science and Technology, jadi saya bermaksud untuk memberi arahan apa yang harus dilakukan setelah sampai disekolah dan apa saja surat – surat atau berkas – berkas yang harus di urus kepada para pembaca ataupun teman – teman yang akan melanjutkan pendidikan ke jenjang yang lebih tinggi. 
1.     Pertama, setelah perjalanan panjang di pesawat sampai bandara di kota tempat anda kuliah, segera hubungi kakak senior ataupun anggota PPI(Perhimpunan Pelajar Indonesia)di kota tersebut untuk menjemput anda di bandara menuju kampus, bisa juga menghubungi pihak kampus.
2.     Kedua, sampai di kampus, anda di arahkan ke tempat receptionist untuk registrasi asrama. Maksudnya anda nanti dianjurkan untuk mengisi lembaran yang tertera nama anda(sesuai paspor) dan data lainnya yang sesuai dengan paspor, setelah itu anda membayar sejumlah uang untuk deposit setelah itu anda diberi kartu kamar dan kertas wifi.
3.     Ketiga, anda di arahkan ke ruangan khusus untuk mahasiswa luar negeri, disitu anda di beri kertas untuk mengisi biodata anda sesuai dengan data di dalam paspor.
4.     Keempat, setelah selesai mengisi kertas anda di antar ke suatu ruangan untuk pembuatan kartu pelajar, anda akan dikenakan biaya dan menyerahkan foto 4x6 berwarna untuk persyaratan pembuatan kartu pelajar.
5.     Kelima, setelah anda mempunyai kartu pelajar, anda diantar ke toko handphone(counter) untuk mengurus kartu perdana luar negeri agar bisa menghubungi keluarga, teman, ataupun saudara di rumah. Anda juga dikenakan biaya untuk membeli kartu perdana, dan ingat kartu yang lama jangan dibuang karna suatu saat nanti pasti dibutuhkan, hanya saja setiap bulan sebelum memasuki masa tenggang wajib di isi pulsa agar tetap aktif.
6.     Keenam, anda juga harus untuk mengurus kartu bank untuk kelancaran transaksi di negara sendiri maupun di negara tempat anda kuliah. Dan akan ada pihak sekolah yang mendampingi anda ke bank yang direkomendasikan kampus anda.
7.     Ketujuh, melakuan medical check up, jika medical check up anda dari negara asal sudah expired maka dianjurkan untuk melakukan medical check up lagi. Untuk hasil bisa diambil sehari setelahnya.
8.     Kedelapan, kalian akan diantar ke kantor imigrasi untuk pengurusan visa dan paspor, pertama kalian foto ditempat imigrasi, lalu ambil nota kapan visa bisa diambil, ketiga kalian diarahkan ke loket pembayaran lalu ke tempat pengambilan visa. Untuk hasil biasanya kurang lebih 2 minggu bisa diambil.

Nah, itulah sedikit petunjuk dari saya. Setelah seluruh surat – surat selesai diurus maka anda bisa mengikuti kegiatan belajar mengajar. Semoga bermanfaat dan terimakasi.

Kamis, 14 Desember 2017

WHAT IS LEADERSHIP, CAREER PLAN AND CRITICAL THINKING



FINAL REPORT OF CAREER GUIDE




By : Meritasari (米俏玲) 
TIANJIN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
2017/2018

Abstract
A leader in the company, organization, or in group must have leadership skills, because the leaders can help themselves and others to do right thing, set direction, build an inspiring vision and create a new something. A leader must have a career plan to help  make decisions about what classes to take. Leadership skills must be based on critical thinking to evaluate the advantages of new ideas, and to choose a best ideas. This paper begins by what is leadership and leadership skill?, explain about good entrepreneurial opportunities, some question of employment interview. This paper also introduce about my career plan and what is critical thinking?.


1)    WHAT IS LEADERSHIP ?
Our society depends on the abilities of our leaders and how well they can do their jobs. A leader is someone that many people look to for direction, guidance, and inspiration, so it is important for our leaders to have the aptitude to make difficult decisions and to know and to what is right for the people. A higher authority is crucial for supervising and regulating others as well as being an example of a hard and dedicated worker. An effective leader has character, competence, compassion, and courage. So that, leadership is the position or function of a leader, a person who guides or directs a group.
Whether one is an office manager or a project leader, all good leaders recquire a number of soft skills to help them positively interact with employees or team member.  Here are the skills make a strong leader in workplace.
1.     Communication
A leader should established a steady flow of communication between themselves and their staff or team members, either through an open door policy or regular conversations with workers. Leaders should make themselves regularly available to discuss issues and concerns with employees.
2.     Motivation
Leaders need to inspire their workers to go the extra mile for their organization, just paying a fair salary to employees is typically not enough inspiration, must learn what motivators work best for your employees or team member to encourage productivity and passion.
3.     Creativity
As a leader, you should creating a different something, with a new innovation and looking for opportunities that possible for a group and team members.
4.     Responsibility
A leader is responsible for both the success and failures of his or her team. Therefore, you need to be willing to accept blame when something does not go correctly.



5.     Commitment
It is important for leaders to follow through with what they agree to do. leaders should be willing to put in the extra hours to complete an assignment, employee will see this commitment and follow your example.

2)    GOOD ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITIES
Other skills of leader is a leader must looking for good entrepreneurial opportunities. Entrepreneurial opportunities is situations in which new goods, services, raw materials, and organizing methods can be introduced and sold at greater than their cost of production. The opportunities can achieve a profit, but also can will be a loss. The companies should provide an innovative new product or service to the market, improves on an existing product or service, or imitates a profitable product or service in a less-than saturated market and human resource and development department must recruit employees that have good personality. Human resource and development department give some questions of employment interview to recruit the employees, the questions as these:
1.     Tell us about yourself
Answer : my name is meritasari, i am 19 years old. Now i study international economics and trade in tianjin university of science and technology. I am study in here because i want to be an entrepreneur.
2.     What are your strenghts and weaknesses? Your likes and dislikes?
Answer : my strenghts is a confidence person, friendly and i can working in personal or in group. My weaknesses is careless person. I like to do things on time and i dislike to postpone work.
3.     Why do you wish to work for our firm?
Answer : because of the position the firm needs is suitable with my qualification
4.     What do you need to do and know to this firm?
Answer : skills, knowledge and training
5.     How can you contribute to our organization?
Answer : providing good ideas for developing our organization, and commitment
6.     Do you believe you are most qualified for the position you seek? And if so, why?
Answer : yes, because i feel all the qualifications that the firm needs there is in my self
7.     What qualifications, skills, and aptitudes do these positions?
Answer : Leadership skills, Management skill and cooperation, Idea and innovation
8.     Where do you desire to be three to five years from now and how do you plan to get there? What are you most important goals?
Answer :in the next three to five years i hope to continue to perform consistenly in this firm, and my important goal is can gain confidence to rise level from my current position
9.     Tell us about several of your key accomplishments in life that are most relevant to this position?
Answer : in this firm i want to be a human resource and development department, because i have good personality, so my key accomplishments in life that are most relevant to this position is responsible and commitment that can the firm to be more than develop.
10.  What are your salary expectations and history?
Answer : i want to get a salarythat suitable with my position
A leader not only searching good entrepreneurial opportunities, but also make a career plan, because career plan can be helpful in assisting managers to better plan their career development, without a viable career plan, often the pathway to success is a haphazard and unpredictable one. For career planning to succeed, the planner must contribute not only to self and family, but also to his or her organization.

3)     CAREER PLAN
Career plan is a lifelong process, which includes choosing an occuption, getting a job, and possibly changing careers. Career plans can help  you make decisions about what classes to take, and identify the extracurricular activities, research, and internship that will make you a strong job candidate.


MY CAREER PLAN
In Tianjin University Of Science and Technology my major is international economics and trade. After graduated i want to find a job which can make good use of what i learn in university, such as: Human Resource and Development of firm. I will also to find another jobs, such as: a translator, tour guide, founder of industry, and etc.
Next year, if i get enough salary, i want to build a small furniture industry in my city(founder), because in my city many furniture industries, but is not easy to build it. First step to build the industry, ask to help my parents for my business, and then searching partner working to help also, searching a employee, a raw materials, an individual/small group consumers, doing promotion, and sell the product low price.
2 next years, i will produce more than new products, make a new innovation, so that more than consumer buy my product. Doing cooporation with another industries are related. 3 next year, i want to develop my business to build industry branches and selling high price, cost of production is low, because costs of raw materials is high, in order that my business get a profit. I will build the industry branches in jepara, because jepara is central of furniture industries.
5 next year, i want to extend my business, not only in my country, but also in another country. I will export to some country.
To be a businessman or founder, an entrepreneur must have leadership skills, management and cooperation skills, good idea and innovation, responsible and comitment. This is table of my career plan.

TABLE OF MY CAREER PLAN
MY CAREER PLAN
NAME
Meritasari
MAJOR
International Economics and Trade
CURRENT POSITION
College Freshgirl
LONG-TERM GOAL
Businessman, Human Resource Development
CURRENT SKILLS AND INTERESTS
1.      Leadership skills
2.      Management and cooperation skills
3.      Speak foreign languages(english and chinese languages)
CAREER REQUIREMENTS
1.      A Bachelor Degree’s in Business
2.      Responsible and commitment
3.      Good computer and foreign languages skills
CAREER PLANS
1.      One year : After grauating in university, i will find a job in Human Resource Development department of firm
2.      2 next years : to build the furniture industries(founder)
3.      3 next years : to develop my business doing cooporation with another industries are related
4.      5 next years : to extend my business doing cooperation with another country, export my product in an another country

Leadership must be based on critical thinking to evaluate the advantages of new ideas, and to choose a best ideas. Next, i want to explain about critical thinking.
4)    WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?
Critical thinking is a process of intellectual thinking using reflective, independent, clear and rational thinking. Critical thinking includes interpreting skills and assessing observations, information, and arguments. As well as critical thinking is useful in doing the activities of reading, writing, speaking, listening, discussion, and etc, to get better results. In order that, minimizing the risk for wrong decision. The basic building blocks of critical thinking: claims, issues and arguments.
1.     Claim is a statement true or false that expresses an opinion or belief
2.     Issue is what is raised when a claim is called into question
3.     Argument is a two part structure of claims, one part of which is offered as a reason for believing another claim is (the premise or permises) and the claim for which a premise is supposed to give a reason is (the conclusion). For example :
Premise          : Sam’s grandmother died, and he had to attend the funeral
Conclusion      : Sam should be excused for missing class
(Notice that the conclusion answer the question asked by the issue)

Arguments versus Explanations
This is an important point, but is often hard to distinguish. Using the vocabulary of critical thinking, an argument is a combination of a claim(s) and their supporting reason(s). It deals with whether the main claim is true or not. On the other hand, an explanation describes the mechanism by which something happens it deals with issues of cause and effect. For example :
Argument : Patrick Lawler should have carried medical insurance because now he can not pay his medical bills
Explanation : Patrick Lawler had atootache because he had a nail in his head
(Remember: ‘An argument is how we know, an explanation is why it’s so.’)

Two kind of good arguments
1.     Deductive Argument
The first type of good arguments, a good deductive argument, is said to be “valid”, which means it is not possible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false. For example:
Premise          : Josh Fulcher lives in alaska
Conclusion      : Therefore, Josh Fulcher lives i the United States
2.     Inductive Arguments
The premises of the other type of good argument, a good inductive argument, don’t prove or demonstrate the conclusion. This means that, assuming they are true, they raise the probability that the conclusion is true. For example :
Premise          : Fulcher lives in Alaska
Conclusion      : Therefore, he uses mosquito repellent
The ability to think on your feet is not an innate talent. It is a quality that can be honed and developed in all individuals. The idea is to keep conditioning one’s mind according to different scenarios and into looking at a problem from all different angles, so that the final solutions are comprehensive and inclusive. there are three important aspects of Critical Thinking :
1.      Quick Thinking: This quality needs a lot of practice and depending on the amount of practice you put into thinking fast under time-bound circumstances, your answers will be prompt and satisfactory.
  1. Creative Thinking: Many problem-solvers can find out the solution to the problems by the traditional method, however when they are faced with a unique problem, they tend to stop functioning. The reason behind this is they think this new situation is not their problem and they can save the time needed to solve this new problem in completing more tasks of the kind they can handle. On doing this, they restrict their thoughts and analytical skills which is extremely important to hone creative thinking.
  2. Analytical Thinking: Despite facing numerous problems and situations daily in our life, we don’t receive any formal training on how to handle these situations using logical and scientific methods. Analytical thinking involves defining the problem and generating a list of possible solutions for a problem. After that, the best solution is determined of the entire list of problems.
Critical thinking teaches that open-mindedness is the most important requirement for learning, as it helps people to step out of their comfort zone, and draw effective conclusions. Critical thinking has many benefits, such as improving persuasion skills, enhancing communication skills, and improving problem solving skills.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Moore, Brooke Noel. 2009. Critical Thinking. New York: McGraw-Hill
Kruckeberg, Katja dkk. 2011. Leadership and Personal Development. America: Information Age Publishing, Inc.